Greece: the Creative of the Mediterranean

Greece is known for its architecture, its literature, the Olympic Games, its history, and much, much more. According to many, the whole Western literary tradition began with the epic poems of Homer in Ancient Greece, which depicted the antithesis of life: war and peace, honor and disgrace, love and hatred. They have also been credited with the invention of drama, tragedy and comedy. Greek mythology started by Hesiod, Aesop’s fables, and the Greek lyric poetry by Sappho and Pindar were just the beginnings. The earliest known Greek dramatist was Thespis, and Aeschylus was a spearheading Greek playwright who introduced dialogue and interacting characters into play-writing. We learned irony from Sophocles, and look back at how Euripides challenged the societal norms of his period, with female characters and flexibility in dramatic structure. The Ancient Greeks developed Old and New Comedy: Old Comedy was more political and satirized the life of the polis (i.e. Greek city), while New Comedy was more about family matters looked at human relations. On the same note as historical literature, Ancient Greece’s historical architecture such as the Acropolis in Athens, the Sanctuary of Delphi, and the ancient theatres, such as Epidaurus, are definitely reasons in themselves for travelers to visit Greece.